Many were wrecked trying to return by sailing round the north of the British Isles. York takes over the government of England. They are captured on the way to France and imprisoned in the Tower of London. Playwright Christopher Marlow is murdered. Its success is largely due to Prince Albert.
Alfred styled himself King of the Anglo-Saxons and while he was not the first king to lay claim to rule all of the English , his rule represents the first unbroken line of Kings to rule the whole of England, the House of Wessex. He seeks to promote his Catholic supporters in Parliament and purge Tories and Anglican clergy. Elizabeth was popular, tolerant and well-educated, creating a thriving nation during her reign. Specific information can be seen at a glance with concise and accurate details of the life and timeline of English Monarchs. William marches north and reoccupies York - Hereward the Wake leads a revolt against the Normans. Britain recognizes American independence. There follows 11 years of rule by Parliament as the Commonwealth under Cromwell. Edward, son of Richard of York, defeats Margaret's Lancastrian forces on 29 March at the Battle of Towton - the largest and bloodiest battle ever on British soil when 28, lose their lives. Bolingbroke returns from exile to claim his inheritance and seizes the throne. Henry VI is captured and his wife, Margaret, escapes to Scotland. Storming of the Bastille. Drake destroys the Spanish fleet at Cadiz. English possessions in France are reduced to the areas of Bordeaux and Calais. Henry VI is restored to the throne. It is less extreme than its predecessors - Elizabeth founds Westminster School - Hawkins and Drake make first slave-trading voyage to America. The Wars of the Roses are ended. Gladstone resigns as Prime Minister. At one point, he was taken prisoner and England paid an immense ransom for his return. He declared Lady Jane Grey his successor, but she was executed after only nine days as queen by Edward's half-sister, Mary I. Bute proves so unpopular that he needs to have a bodyguard. The rebellion is defeated at Sheriffmuir. The timeline of the Monarchs of England details each important life event with related historical events and arranged in chronological, or date, order providing an actual sequence of the past major and important events in their life. It is the first written constitution. Two thirds of central London is destroyed and 65, are left homeless. The grave is rediscovered beneath a car park years later in and his bones reburied in Leicester Cathedral in March He is succeeded by his son Richard Cromwell - Richard Cromwell is forced to resign. The History timeline of famous Kings and Queens of England provides fast information via a time line.
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