Although said to have wanted to parade Cleopatra in his triumph Dio, LI. Because of this, she was able to communicate easily with diplomats from other countries without the need of a translator and, shortly after assuming the throne, without bothering to hear the counsel of her advisors on matters of state. Soon, Octavian sent a member of his staff to the queen, "bidding him, if possible, above all things to get Cleopatra into his power alive; for he was fearful about the treasures in her funeral pyre, and he thought it would add greatly to the glory of his triumph if she were led in the procession" Plutarch, Life of Antony, LXXVIII. Why did the guards not look for the snake once they thought it had killed the women? Some dissembling, therefore, must have taken place on both sides: She also was the last Pharaoh of Egypt. Search Did Cleopatra commit suicide or was she murdered? Cleopatra and her half-sister, Arsinoe, fled to Thebaid. Compendium of Roman History translated by Frederick W.
But he was overtaken and executed LI. Foster Loeb Classical Library ; Plutarch: Return to Cleopatra The Death of Cleopatra "Cleopatra sent to Caesar a letter which she had written and sealed; and, putting everybody out of the monument but her two women, she shut the doors. Once there, she killed those who had rejoiced at her disaster and "proceeded to gather vast wealth from their estates and from various other sources both profane and sacred, sparing not even the most holy shrines" Roman History, LI. Strabo is the earliest source for Cleopatra's suicide and even may have been in Alexandria at the time she died. Octavian now confronted a dilemma. Why was the snake no longer present at the crime scene? Shipley Loeb Classical Library ; Virgil: Her son Caesarion, together with a portion of the royal treasury, were sent up the Nile with the intention that he cross overland by way of Ethiopia and sail on to India. Whether a rhetorical flourish, the manner of Cleopatra's death was an exotic one, befitting a queen of Egypt. A prisoner was brought in and commanded to drink, dying on the spot Pliny, XXI. The Greeks do posit an alternative explanation. Click here to stay informed and know what is happening around the world with our G. Why would Octavian, supposedly so adamant about taking Cleopatra to Rome for his triumph, be so lax about her imprisonment? Gurval points out that the Athenian strategos Demetrios of Phaleron c. Plutarch Mark Antony and Cleopatra instantly became lovers and would remain so for the next ten years. Cleopatra fled to her mausoleum and sealed herself and her treasure inside, accompanied only by her maidservants Iras and Charmion and, says Dio, a eunuch. Appian Civil Wars, V. Florus, a younger contemporary, has Cleopatra, dressed in her finest raiment, apply two serpents II. Soon, Octavian sent a member of his staff to the queen, "bidding him, if possible, above all things to get Cleopatra into his power alive; for he was fearful about the treasures in her funeral pyre, and he thought it would add greatly to the glory of his triumph if she were led in the procession" Plutarch, Life of Antony, LXXVIII. Why were the wounds from the fangs of the snake not obvious? How did all three women end up dead from the venom? Her own beauty, so we are told, was not of that incomparable type that immediately captivates the beholder. Cleopatra was a great connoisseur of beauty and often wrote articles on cosmetics. Pompey was the state-appointed guardian over the younger Ptolemy children and, on his campaigns, had spent considerable time in Egypt. Plutarch wrote more than a century after the events he describes, Dio, a century later still, although his source probably was a history by Olympus, Cleopatra's personal physician, whom he mentions, LXXXII. Iras, one of her women, lay dying at her feet, and Charmion, just ready to fall, scarce able to hold up her head, was adjusting her mistress's diadem.
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